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Table of Contents > Interactions & Depletions > Plant sterols Print

Plant sterols



Depletions

Phytosterols/Nutrient Depletion:
  • Beta-caroteneBeta-carotene: In a human study, consumption of a cocoa snack bar containing 1.5g of phytosterol was associated with a significant reduction in lipid-adjusted serum beta-carotene (159).
  • Carotenoids (other)Carotenoids (other): Clinical trials have demonstrated that plant sterols in doses of up to 1.5g daily may reduce blood levels of lutein and lycopene (190).
  • LipidsLipids: Many studies in humans and animals have demonstrated that supplementation of beta-sitosterol into the diet decreased total serum cholesterol, as well as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (190; 43; 216; 217; 218; 219; 220; 195; 221; 44; 222; 223; 224; 225; 110; 187; 165; 45; 46; 47; 127; 226; 227; 48; 80; 228; 229; 230; 231; 181; 232; 32; 233; 49; 234; 235; 236; 208; 237; 18; 238; 50; 11; 81; 239; 183; 155; 23; 52; 240; 241; 242; 182; 243; 82; 244; 245; 246; 247; 53; 54; 248; 249). Clinical trials have shown additive effects of plant sterols or stanols and statins (179; 250).

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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