Baikal skullcap(Scutellaria barbata, Scutellaria baicalensis)
Baikal skullcap/Nutrient Depletion:
- LipidsLipids: In animals, Scutellaria baicalensis radix extract may modify serum lipid levels (38). In an animal study, rats fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet and 0.05% Scutellaria baicalensis radix extract had a lower atherogenic index value in the group fed with fresh oil, and a lower atherogenic index value in the group fed with oxidized lard (38). In streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats, Scutellaria baicalensis enhanced the antidiabetic activity of metformin, as evidenced by elevated hepatic activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx); increases in plasma and pancreatic insulin levels; and decreases in plasma and hepatic triglycerides (TG) and cholesterol levels (71).
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